How do you become an HGV driver?


A rewarding career choice, there are a number of steps to take in order to become an HGV driver. Here is our useful guide on how to get your HGV licence and realise your ambitions.


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The HGV medical test

The first step is the HGV medical, which assesses that you are healthy enough to become an HGV commercial operator. This medical exam must be passed to allow you to progress onto the theory and practical tests.

Part one of the medical consists of a sit-down appointment with a doctor. They will discuss your medical history and any health issues which could cause issues in your ability to drive an HGV. Operating an HGV is a strenuous activity, and you must be healthy in order to drive safely. Part two of the medical consists of a physical exam in which the doctor inspects your vital signs, including eyesight, reaction time and overall health.


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The HGV theory test

Similar to obtaining your car licence, a step to achieving your HGV licence is a driver theory exam. This contains a hazard perception and multiple choice assessment.

The hazard perception test assesses your reactions to emerging dangers on the road, which is a crucial component of HGV training. This helps determine your competency on making the correct choices when behind the wheel.

The multiple choice assessment contains 100 questions, which tests knowledge of the regulations and rules of the road. A minimum of 85 correct answers are required to pass the test.

For HGV insurance once you have passed, contact a company such as

The HGV practical test

With the pass rate over 57 percent, the highest ratio in ten years, now is the ideal time to become an HGV driver.

The practical test lasts between 80 – 90 minutes, and consists of:

– Assessing your competency in driving
– A reversing exercise which tests your manoeuvring skills and competence in identifying hazards
– Questions focused on show me tell me asked by an assessor

Remember not to dwell on any mistakes you make on the practical test, as you are granted an allowance of 15 minor faults. Check your mirrors regularly, and remember that lorries take a substantially longer time to come to a halt than cars due to their larger size.

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